Hint: This section, Focus on Artists, will allow you to put a face to an artist. By clicking the number above the artist, you will be taken to a table in which you will get an overview of the artist and can then click on hyperlinks to learn more on the internet. The artists are in no specific order.

Section 4 – Focus on Artists

In this section you will find the following:

51 Famous Artists

Ref Artist Name Artist Highlights Nationality Born Died Other Works (Not Hyperlinked) Primary Period
1 Claude Monet Oscar-Claude Monet was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. French 1840 1926 Bain à la Grenouillère (1869), Water Lilies (Nympheas) (1920-1926), Sunrise (1872), Rouen Cathedral series (1890’s), Camille, the Woman in the Green Dress (1866) Impressionism
2 Pablo Picasso Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France Spanish 1881 1973 Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), Guernica (1937), The Weeping Woman (1937) Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl (1905– 1920)
3 Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, ... Italian 1452 1519 The Madonna of the Carnation (1478–1480), Ginevra de' Benci (1474–1478), The Benois Madonna (1478) Early and High Renaissance (1400– 1550)
4 Vincent Van Gogh Vincent Willem van Gogh Dutch; was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art Dutch 1853 1890 The Starry Night, Irises, Bedroom in Arles, Café Terrace at Night, A Pair of Shoes and Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear Post-Impressionism
5 Rembrandt (Harmenszoon van Rijn) Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history Dutch 1606 1669 The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632), Bathsheba at Her Bath (1654), Danaë (1636), The Sampling Officials (1662) and The Return of the Prodigal Son Baroque (1600– 1750)
6 Salvador Dali Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marqués de Dalí de Pubol, known as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist painter born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain Spain 1904 1989 Landscape Near Figueras (1910), The Persistence of Memory (1931), The Basket of Bread (1926), Soft onstruction with Boiled Beans (1936), Galatea of the Spheres (1952) Surrealism
7 Michelangelo Buonarroti Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art Italian 1475 1564 Sistine Chapel Ceiling (1508-1512), The Last Judgement (1536-1541), Doni Tondo (c.1507), The Entombment (1500-1501) and Crucifix (1492) Early and High Renaissance (1400– 1550)
8 Sandro Botticelli Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, known as Sandro Botticelli, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance Italian 1445 1510 The Birth of Venus (1486), Primavera (1482), Mars and Venus (1483), Madonna of the Magnificat (1481) and Pallas and the Centaur (1482) Early and High Renaissance (1400–1550)
9 Paul Cézanne Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post- Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century French 1839 1906 Apothéose de Delacroix (1890–1894), The Card Players (1890-1895), The Bathers (1898-1905) Jas de Bouffan Post- Impressionism (1885– 1910)
10 Peter Paul Rubens Sir Peter Paul Rubens was a Flemish Baroque painter. A proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, Rubens is well known for his Counter-Reformation Flemish 1577 1640 The Elevation of the Cross (1610-1611), Massacre of the Innocents (1611-1612), The Descent from the Cross (1612-1614), The Judgment of Paris (c. 1636) and Prometheus Bound (1611-1612) Baroque (1600– 1750)
11 Jackson Pollock Paul Jackson Pollock, known professionally as Jackson Pollock, was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting American (US) 1912 1956 Male and Female (1942), Summertime: Number 9A (1948), Eyes in the Heat (1946) Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s) and Pop Art (1960s)
12 Edgar Degas Edgar Degas was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers French 1834 1917 A Cotton Office in New Orleans (1873), The Dance Class (La Classe de Danse) (1873–1876), Musicians in the Orchestra (1872) Impressionism
13 Caravaggio Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 and 1610. Italian 1571 1610 Judith Beheading Holofernes (1598-1599), Bacchus (1595), The Taking of Christ (1602), Basket of Fruit (1599), The Conversion of Saint Paul (1600-1601) and The Fortune Teller Baroque (1600– 1750)
14 Francisco de Goya Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of late 18th and early 19th centuries and throughout his long career was a commentator and chronicler of his era Spanish 1746 1828 The Third of May (1814), The Dissasters of War (1810-1820), La maja desnuda (c. 1897-1800), The Second of May 1808 (1814) and Saturn Devouring His Son (c. 1819-1823) Romanticm (1780–1850)
15 Andy Warhol Andy Warhol was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture, and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. American (US) 1928 1987 Campbell's Soup Cans (1962), Race Riot (1964), Triple Elvis (1963), Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster) (1963) and Mao (1973) Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s) and Pop Art (1960s)
16 Paul Gauguin Paul Gauguin was a French post-Impressionist artist. Underappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of color and synthetist style that were distinctly different from Impressionism French 1848 1903 When Will You Marry? (1892), Vision After the Sermon (1888), The Yellow Christ (1889), By the Sea (1892), The White Horse (1898) Post- Impressionism (1885– 1910)
17 Renoir (Pierrre Auguste) Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir, was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style French 1841 1919 The Umbrellas (c.1880), Luncheon of the Boating Party (1880-1881), Girls at the Piano (1892), Nude (1910) and A Girl with A Watering Can (1876) Impressionism
18 El Greco Doménikos Theotokópoulos, most widely known as El Greco, was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. The nickname "El Greco" refers both to his Greek origin and Spanish citizenship Spanish 1541 1614 View of Toledo (1596-1600), Pieta (1592), Christ Healing the Blind (c. 1570), Opening of the Fifth Seal (1608-1614), The Holy Trinity (1577) and Resurrection (1595) Mannerism
19 Titian An Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. He was born in Pieve di Cadore, near Belluno (in Veneto, Republic of Venice).[3] During his lifetime he was often called da Cadore, taken from the place of his birth. Italian 1490 1576 Equestrian Portrait of Charles V (1548), Venus and Music (Venus wih an Organist) (1547), Venus of Urbino (1538), Man with a Glove (1520 – 1522) and Pastoral Concert (c. 1509) Italian Renaissance
20 Gustav Klimt Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art Austrian 1862 1918 The Kiss (1907-1908) Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912), Portrait of Fritza Riedler (1906), Beethoven Frieze (1902), Death and Life (1916) Symbolism
21 Raphael Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity of form, ease of composition, and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur Italian 1483 1520 The School of Athens (1509-1511), Transfiguration (1516-1520), Disputation of the Holy Sacrament (1509-1510), Three Graces (1504-1505) and The Triumph of Galatea (1514) Early and High Renaissance (1400– 1550)
22 Velázquez ( Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age Spanish 1599 1660 Las Meninas, The Surrender of Breda, Christ Crucified, The Waterseller of Seville and Las Hilanderas Baroque (1600– 1750)
23 Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting one of the first purely abstract works Russian 1866 1944 Composition VIII (1923), On White II (1923), Cossack (1910-1911) and Colorful Life (1907) Fauvism and Expressionism (1900–1935)
24 Pieter Bruegel the Elder Pieter Bruegel the Elder was a Netherlandish Renaissance painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes. He is sometimes referred to as the "Peasant Bruegel". Dutch 1528 1569 The Hunters in Snow (1565), The Peasant Wedding (1567), The Triumph of Death (1562), The Tower of Babel (1563) and TheBlind Leading the Blind (1568) Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430 – 1550)
25 Georges Seurat Georges-Pierre Seurat was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman. He is noted for his innovative use of drawing media and for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism French 1859 1891 The Circus (1891), Le Chathut (1889), The Models (1887), Vase of Flowers (1878), View of Fort Samson (1885) and The Seine at La Grande Jatte in the Spring (1888) Post-Impressionism (1885– 1910)
26 Joan Miro Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975 Spanish 1893 1983 The Farm (1921-1922), Prades, the Village (1917), The Hunter (Catalan Landscape) (1923-1924), The Reaper (1853) and The Dog Barking at the Moon (1926) Surrealism
27 Johannes Vermeer Johannes, Jan or Johan Vermeer was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. Vermeer was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime Dutch 1632 1675 Girl with a Pearl Earrring (1665), The Milkmaid (c. 1567), The Art of Painting (1665-1668), The Astronomer (c. 1668) and The Music Lesson (c. 1662-1665) Dutch Golden Age
28 Edvard Munch Edvard Munch was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism in the early 20th century Norwegian 1863 1944 The Scream (1893), Madonna (1894-1895), Anxietly (1894), The Dance of Life (1899-1900), Jealousy (1895) and Melancholy (1891) Symbolism
29 Jan van Eyck Jan van Eyck was an Early Netherlandish painter active in Bruges and one of the most significant Northern Renaissance artists of the 15th century Flemish 1390 1441 Annunciation, Arnolfini Portrait, Madonna in the Church, Portrait of a Man Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430 – 1550)
30 Piero della Francesca Piero della Francesca was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. As testified by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, to contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer Italian 1415 1492 The Baptism of Christ (1448-1450), The History of the True Cross (c. 1447), Polyptych of the Misericordia (1460-1462) Italian Renaissance
31 Hieronymu Bosch Hieronymus Bosch was an Early Netherlandish painter. His work is known for its fantastic imagery, detailed landscapes, and illustrations of religious concepts and narratives Dutch 1450 1516 The Seven Deadly Sins and Four Last Things (1500+/-), The Garden of Earthly Delights (1490-1510), The Last Judgement (1482), Hell (1490) and Christ Carrying the Cross (1510-1535) Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430 – 1550)
32 Roy Fox Lichtenstein Roy Fox Lichtenstein was an American pop artist. During the 1960s, along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and James Rosenquist among others, he became a leading figure in the new art movement American (US) 1923 1997 Whaam! (1963), Drowning Girl (1963), Look Mickey (1961), In the Car (1963) and Girl with the Ball (1961) Pop art
33 Édouard Manet Édouard Manet was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism French 1832 1883 The Luncheon on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l'herbe) (1863), Olympia (1863), A Bar at the Folies-Bergere (1882) Impressionism
34 Margritte René François Ghislain) René François Ghislain Magritte was a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for a number of witty and thought-provoking images. Belgian 1898 1967 The Son of Man (1964), The Portrait of Golconda (1953) and The Menaced Assassin (1927) Surrealism
35 Hans Holbein The Younger Hans Holbein the Younger was a German and Swiss artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century German 1497 1543 Portrait of Henry VIII (1536-1537), Portrait of Sir Thomas More (1527), , The Ambassadors (1533), Venus and Amor (c. 1524) and The Body of the Dead Christ inthe Tomb (1520-1522) Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430 – 1550)
36 Albrecht Dürer Albrecht Dürer was a painter, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance. Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, due to his high-quality woodcut prints German 1471 1528 Self-Portrait at 28 (1500), Young Hare (1502), Praying Hands (c. 1508), Christ among the Doctors (1506) Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430 – 1550)
37 Egon Schiele Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter. A protégé of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. His work is noted for its intensity and its raw sexuality, and the many self-portraits the artist produced, including naked self-portraits. Austrian 1890 1918 Portrait of Arthur Rössler (1910), Portrait of Edith Schiele (1915), Portrait of Anton Peschka (1909), Max Oppenheimer (1910) Expressionism
38 Jacques Louis David Jacques-Louis David was an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era French 1748 1825 Mademoiselle Guimard as Terpsichore (1774), Oath of the Horatii (second version) (1786), The Death of Socrates (1787) and The Death of Marat (1793) Neoclassical (1750–1850)
39 Rogier van der Weyd His surviving works consist mainly of religious triptychs, altar pieces and commissioned single and diptych portraits. He was highly successful and internationally famous in his lifetime; his paintings were exported – or taken – to Italy and Spain,[2] and he received commissions from, amongst others, Philip the Good Dutch 1400 1464 The Descent from the Cross (c.1435), Portrait of a Woman with a Winged Bonnet (1435), The Beaune Altarpiece (c.-1455) Early Neatherlandish
40 Hans Memling Hans Memling was a German painter who moved to Flanders and worked in the tradition of Early Netherlandish painting German 1430 1494 Virgin with Child between St. James and St. Dominic (1490), Last Judgement (c. late 1460s) Early Netherlandish
41 Paolo Uccello Paolo Uccello, born Paolo di Dono, was an Itainter and a mathematician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art Italian 1397 1475 Saint George and Dragon (1470), The Hunt in the Forest (c.1470) Episodes of the hermit life (1460) and The Battle of San Romano (cc. 1435-1460) Early and High Renaissance (1400– 1550)
42 Jasper Johns Jasper Johns is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker whose work is associated with abstract expressionism, Neo-Dada, and pop art. He is well known for his depictions of the American flag and other US-related topics. American (US) 1930 Land's End (1963), Flag (1954-1955), False Start (1959) Neo-Dada
43 Giotto (di Bondone) Giotto di Bondone, known as Giotto, was an Italian painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages. He is generally considered the first in a line of great artists who contributed to the Renaissance Italian 1266 1337 Lamentation (1304-1306), Bardi Chapel (1325), Last Supper (c. 1306), Navicella (1305-1313), Flight into Egypt (1304-1306) and St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata (1295-1300) Middle Ages (500–1400)
44 Francis Bacon Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban PC KC was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England Irish 1909 1992 Head VI (1949), Figure with Meat (1954), Crucifixion (1965) and Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion (1944) Fauvism and Expressionism (1900– 1935)
45 Henri Matisse Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter French 1869 1954 Woman with a Hat (1905), Nu bleu (1907), La Danse (1909) Fauvism and Expressionism (1900– 1935)
46 J.M.W. Turner An English Romanticist landscape painter. Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting. English 1775 1851 The Battle of Trafalgar (1806), Fisherman at Sea (1796), Calais Pier (1803) Romanticism (1780– 1850)
47 Frida Kahlo Frida Kahlo de Rivera, born Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón, was a Mexican painter known for her self-portraits. Kahlo's life began and ended in Mexico City, in her home, which is known as "La Casa Azul," the Blue House Mexican 1907 1954 The Two Fridas (1939), Self-Portrait with a Monkey (1938), The Wounded Deer (1946) and Without Hope (1945) Dada and Surrealism
48 Georgia O ’Keeffe Georgia Totto O'Keeffe was an American artist. She is best known for her paintings of enlarged flowers, New York skyscrapers, and New Mexico landscapes. O'Keeffe has been recognized as the "Mother of American modernism" American (US) 1887 1986 Jimson Weed (1936), Cow's Skull: Red, White, and Blue (1931), Black Iris (1926) American Modernism
49 Kazimir Malevich Kazimir Severinovich Malevich was a Russian painter and art theoretician. He was a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the originator of the avant-garde Suprematist movement Ukranian 1878 1935 Black Square(1915), White on White (1918), Black Circle (1915), Black Cross (1923) and Dynamic (1915-1916) Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl (1905–1920)
50 Edward Hopper Edward Hopper was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching American (US) 1882 1967 Nighthawks (1942), Early Sunday Morning (1930), Automat (1927), Rooms by the Sea (1951) and Morning Sun (1952) American realism
51 Amedeo Modigliani Amedeo Clemente Modigliani was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France. He is known for portraits and nudes in a modern style characterized by elongation of faces and figures Italian 1884 1920 Nu couche (1917), Reclining Nude (1917), The Jewish Woman (1908), Jacques and Bether Lipchitz (1916), Redheaded Girl in Evening Dress (1918) Modern art
Hint: Remember your navigation tips! Anything written in golden-brown within the table or above the art will hyperlink you to the internet on the topic. Numbers are written out above the artist (they correspond to the numeric ref number in the table). Enjoy learning!